How To Take The (MMPI) Test Online-The MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory) test is one important test that demonstrates your expertise and self-awareness especially when you are seeking a key position in top companies and organizations.
It is one of the best tests to examine candidates for key positions.
In this write-up, we will be looking at the importance of the test, what the test is all about and also show you how you can prepare and take the test online.
What Is The MMPI Test?
This Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory is a pre-employment screening test that is used worldwide. It was developed at the University of Minnesota, USA by Starke R. Hathaway and J.C. McKinley in the 1930s.
The exam was published first in 1943 and then it was later updated in 1989 to the now popular MMPI-2 exam.
There are two other versions of the test; one for the adolescents which is the MMPI-A and then the restructured version which is the MMPI-2-RF.
The exam must be taken in an assessment centre with a psychologist present and trained to administer the exam. MMPI-2 is offered in 22 languages.
Types Of MMPI Test
There are three types of the MMPI test online and we will be talking about them shortly:
· MMPI Test
It is also known as a multi-stage personality test. It is a psychological test that examines various personality aspects. It is the most accepted and most common personality test for examination and standardization.
The test comes as a questionnaire with over 500 different statements. Each of these statements demands a yes or no answer.
When taking the test, you are expected to answer all the questions within 1-1.5 hours and the test can be taken individually or as part of a group.
Also, when taking the MMPI test, you can choose to write it online or manually. You must not leave more than 30 questions unanswered or the test will be invalid.
The MMPI test is majorly to test whether or not a candidate should be accepted. The test is used in addition to other psychological tests or interviews as a diagnostic tool.
This is a new version of MMPI. The test consists of 567 statements and they must be answered within 1-2 hours.
MMPI-2 is the third most common in psychology behind the most common IQ tests and achievements.
The origin of this test can be traced back to a new standard based on 2,600 people who were from a more representative background than MMPI.
This brought about the addition of new topics that could help physicians interpret the results of the original clinical diagnoses.
Also, there are 10 clinical scales that assess 10 major categories of abnormal human behavior in MMPI-2.
The test also comprises of four validity scales that assess the candidate’s test-taking attitude. These scales tell when candidates answer the test questions honestly and correctly.
This is the third type MMPI test and it is a personality test that comprises of 338 statements and a publication on child custody laws.
MMPI-2-RF test’s RC scale inter-correlation patterns and alpha coefficient values are similar to other populations.
Uses Of MMPI Tests
The MMPI tests are used to help diagnose mental health disorders but many of the mental health professionals do not rely solely on a single test to make a diagnosis.
They gather their information from many sources including their own interactions with the person that is being tested.
The MMPI tests should be administered by trained test administrators although the results are sometimes used in other settings.
The MMPI tests should only be used in child custody disputes, educational settings, employment screenings and substance abuse programs.
What Is The Format Of The MMPI Test?
We have talked about the three types of MMPI tests but the MMPI-2 and the MMPI-2-RF are the two popular types.
The MMPI-2 consists of about 567 questions which candidates generally complete in about 90 minutes and the test has nine validity scales that help to prevent fake answers.
The MMPI-RF is based on the 2003 Restructured Clinical Scales and it was first published in 2008. The exam consists of 338 questions taken from the MMPI-2 and it is taken in situations where the MMPI-2 cannot be administered.
It usually takes shorter time of about 35-50 minutes to complete as there are fewer questions.
The MMPI-2 is more popular among the two and it is the third most popular psychometric exam behind the IQ test and Achievement tests.
The Four Validity Scales Of The MMPI
The MMPI-2 is not a valid measure of the psychopathology or behavior of a person if the person taking the test is not honest or truthful.
For whatever reason, a person may decide to over-report (exaggerate) or underreport (deny) the behavior being assessed by the test.
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) contains four validity scales that are designed to measure a person’s test-taking attitude and approach to the test:
· Lie (L)
The Lie scale is used to identify individuals who are deliberately trying to avoid answering the MMPI honestly and truthfully.
The scale measures the attitudes and practices that are praiseworthy but are hardly found in most people.
So people who make these items are often trying to make themselves look like a better person even when they are not. The scale contains 15 items.
The F-scale is used to detect unusual or typical ways of answering the test items like if a person were to fill out the test randomly. The F does not stand for anything but sometimes, people tend to see it as the Frequency or Infrequency scale.
It looks into a number of strange thoughts, feelings of isolation and alienation, contradictory beliefs, self-descriptions, special experiences and expectations.
If a person answers too many of the F Fb scale items incorrectly, the test will be invalid.
Contrary to some descriptions of the scale, F scale items are scattered throughout the entire test to around item 360. The scale contains 60 items.
· Back F (Fb)
The Back F scale measures the same issues as the F scale, except only during the last half of the test. The scale has 40 items.
The K scale is designed to identify psychopathology in people who have profiles within the normal range. It measures self-control and family and interpersonal relationships and people who score high on this scale are often seen as defensive people. The scale contains 30 items.
There are additional content and validity scales that have been developed independently from the core MMPI but they are often scored by a psychologist who is carrying out the test.
What Are The MMPI Clinical Scales?
The clinical scale is used to show where an individual is on the ten different mental health scales.
Each scale related to a different psychological pattern or condition but there’s a lot of overlap between the scales. A very high score may show a mental health disorder.
· Scale 1: Hypochondriasis
This scale contains about 32 items and is designed to measure whether you have an unhealthy concern for your own health. Having a high score on this scale is an indication that you are worried about your health which in turn interferes with your life and causes problems in your relationships.
· Scale 2: Depression
This scale has 57 items and it measures satisfaction with your own life.
For instance, a high scale of score 2 shows that such an individual is dealing with clinical depression or is having frequent suicidal thoughts.
· Scale 3: Hysteria
This scale consists of 600 items and it evaluates one’s response to stress including physical symptoms and emotional response to being under pressure.
· Scale 4: Psychopathic Deviate
This MMPI-2 test scale consists 50 items that measure antisocial behaviors attitudes. Individuals’ answers to these items will reveal if they are experiencing psychopathology.
· Scale 5: Masculinity/Femininity
The main aim for this 56-question test section was to reveal information about people’s sexuality.
The scale stems from a time in which some mental health professionals viewed same-sex attraction as a disorder.
· Scale 6: Paranoia
This is 40-questions scale assesses the symptoms associated with psychosis. It ascertains if an individual has: extreme suspicion of other people, strong black and white thinking and feelings of being persecuted by society.
· Scale 7: Psychasthenia
This scale has 48 items that it measures and they are:
- Compulsive behaviors
- Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
· Scale 8: Schizophrenia
This scale consists of 7 items. The scale’s sole purpose of this scale is to show whether you have or you are likely to develop a schizophrenia disorder.
· Scale 9: Hypomania
The purpose of this 46-item scale is to evaluate the symptoms associated with hypomania like rapid speech, excessive undirected energy, hallucinations, racing thoughts and delusions of grandeur.
· Scale 10: Social Introversion
This item consists 69 items that measure extroversion or introversion. This scale looks at:
What Is A Good MMPI Test Result?
The MMPI test assessments shows certain psychological conditions. This makes it difficult to ascertain what behavioral patterns are spectacular to high scores.
Scoring 65 and above in MMPI assessments of psychological conditions are termed high scores.
The MMPI-2 test result comes as an interpretive report. The scores are converted to normalized T scores on a scale ranging from 30 to 120.
These results are administered alongside other psychological tests to confirm the report of the MMPIS test.
MMPI uses sic specific scales that serve as indicators of test validity for the grading.
How To Pass The MMPI Test
This is just a guide that reveals some tips to help you pass this MMPI test. It is not a guarantee or whatsoever.
You should try to expose yourself as much as possible to the exam material.
This can be done by attempting MMPI questions and practice assessments. This process will help you to optimze your responses to better suit the psychological profile of your desired job.
The MMPI Test online is one of the most respected test designed to help mental health professionals diagnose mental health disorders and conditions.
It is a self-reporting inventory that evaluates where you fall on 10 scales related to different mental health disorders.
The test also uses the validity scales to know administrators understand how you feel about taking the test and whether you have answered the questions accurately and honestly.
From all we have said, the MMPI test online is one important test and depending on which version of the test you take, you are expected to spending a maximum of 90 minutes answering the questions.
The MMPI test online is a reliable and widely used test but the thing is that a good professional won’t make a diagnosis majorly on only this assessment tool.